An oral surgeon can help improve your periodontal health through several different types of services. The most common reason patients need oral surgeon services for gum problems is because of gum disease. The oral surgeon can perform a type of deep cleaning on the teeth, which can remove the bacteria that cause gum disease. Read on to learn more.
What is gum disease?
Gum disease is caused by bacteria in the patient’s mouth that irritate the gums. The gums become red and inflamed. This is one of the earliest signs of gum disease, along with bleeding while brushing or flossing the teeth. However, many patients ignore these signs.
If the early stages of periodontal disease are not treated, the gums will begin to pull away from the teeth. This causes pockets to form, which can collect even more bacteria. The bacteria begin to attack the bone and the ligaments. This causes the bone to weaken, which loosens the teeth. The teeth will eventually fall out.
The good news is that an oral surgeon can offer several services to help improve periodontal health. These services can help restore a patient’s gum health.
Scaling and root planing
As gum disease advances, a common treatment includes scaling and root planing. This is essentially a deep cleaning of the teeth to remove the bacteria that are causing the gum disease. In scaling, the oral surgeon will clean the teeth above the gums. This includes the areas right around and just below the gumline. A tool known as a scaler is used to thoroughly remove all of the tartar on the teeth, as this can contribute to gum disease.
In root planing, the oral surgeon will work to clean the roots of the teeth. The oral surgeon will use tiny tools that can remove the plaque and bacteria from underneath the gumline. After this process, the gums will be able to attach to the teeth again.
As gum disease progresses, the gums may begin to recede as gum tissue begins to die. This can cause the teeth to look longer. It also increases the risk of cavities developing. The teeth can become more sensitive because the roots have been exposed.
An oral surgeon can perform tissue grafting, which can help to restore a patient’s gumline. The oral surgeon will take the tissue from another part of the patient’s mouth and place it in the affected areas. When this heals, a patient will have a more natural-looking gumline.
Visit an oral surgeon today
An oral surgeon can help you improve the health of your gums through several services. This can remove the bacteria that cause the gum disease. An oral surgeon can also help to restore the gumline if it has begun to recede. With the proper care, a patient will be able to recover from gum disease and return to a healthy smile. Visit an oral surgeon to learn more.
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